m/22 Overcoat (Päällystakki m/22)
m/22 Overcoat was a further development of the earlier m/18 Overcoat which itself was a development of the German M1915 Einheitsmantel. The m/22 Overcoat came in to use already in 1921, but received it's designation of m/22 as part of the m/22 Uniform, which was confirmed in 1922.
Where as the m/18 Overcoat had a single row of six buttons the m/22 Overcoat had 2 rows of six buttons in the chest. The colour was ordered to be steelgrey for all formations, as in the m/22 Tunic. There were small differences in the material and construction of the m/22 Overcoat between the officers and others models, namely differences in quality of the fabric and the buttons. The m/22 Overcoat in use by rank-and-file can sometimes be seen with civilian buttons.
The m/22 Overcoat functioned as a cold weather clothing on both the offices and other ranks. On other ranks it also doubled as a raincoat as only officers had a confirmed raincoat. It was to be used only when given permission and was worn over the tunic. Generally it was to be buttoned all the way up when in use, but officers were allowed to have two of the top buttons unbuttoned and the front folded down. Officers also were allowed to use a detacheable fur collar during the winter. Ranks were on epaulettes as well as on officers in the cuffs of the sleeves.
As the m/36 Uniform did not have an overcoat as part of it, the m/22 Overcoat continued to serve as the Army overcoat until the 60's with minor changes that are further discussed in the article about the m/36 Overcoat. The original m/22 Overcoat saw use until 1936, when changes were ordered to be made in it to fit the new m/36 standard. Some overcoats never received these changes though, so they saw use much further down the line.
Last updated: September 18th, 2016
Description in the regulations
Colour and material: Steelgrey overcoat wool or of diagonal wool. Grey liner.
Cut: Two rows of button, both rows have large coat-of-arms buttons (large anchor buttons in Coastal Artillery) with the lowest pair just below the waist. The backside has two pleats. The right side pleat has a vent from the waist down that has 4 small buttons for closing the vent. Officers model has 4 small coat-of-arms buttons. On the waist there is a 5 cm wide belt that is attached with two large coat-of-arms buttons at the side seams. The chest is made of two pieces on the officer's model, on others it is of one piece.
Length: The hem reaches 35 cm from the ground; in the cavalry and field artillery the hem reaches 30 cm from the ground.
Collar: Darkgrey turn down collar, roughly 12 cm wide, closes with one hook in the front. The collar colour is dark blue in coastal artillery. The lining is of the same colour. Officers are allowed to use 15cm wide detacheable fur collar during winter time. Others are forbidden from using a fur collar.
Sleeves: Full, spacious sleeves ending in a cuff. Cuffs are straight, 18 cm high, made of the same fabric as the rest of the coat and without any buttons. Officers have rank tapes sewn on the cuffs.
Pockets: Side pockets are horizontal and sewn inside the coat. The pocket covers are straight with rounded corners, no buttons or button holes. The officers coat has a leather reinforced slit inside the left pocket for the sword carrier.
Uniforms from collections
Artillery Eversti's m/22 Overcoat
Pre-war m/22 Overcoat with Eversti's epaulettes and lion symbol.
Finnish Wartime Photograph Archive photos
Photos from the author's collection