m/22 Tunic (Asetakki m/22)

M/22 Tunic is not model of 1922, as we might think. The early Finnish Armed forces was still changing many of the uniforms constantly, changing detail here and another there. What we now know as m/22 Uniform was the final version of these changes, but not all parts are necessary from 1922. The Valtakunnan sotavoimien virkapukuja (S.V.) was confirmed 23rd of April 1922 and overruled all the previous changes in all uniforms and finalized what the m/22 Tunic and m/22 Uniform looked like.

On the m/22 Tunic the changes had not been particularly drastic from the previous m/19 Tunic. The main change was the lack of collar tabs for showing the branch of the wearer - instead differently shaped cuffs were used to denote branch. Branch colour survived in the epaulettes still.

As one can see below, the m/22 was a collection of similar tunics, for various ranks and branches. The colour of the War Ministry tunics was chosen to serve as the basic colour for all tunics, the steelgrey colour of the tunics is still today considered the colour of the Finnish military. The differences between the tunics are somewhat minute and the actual rank and branch badges went to further detail to denote the position of the wearer.

The main difference between the officers and lower ranks tunics was the number and style of pockets. The officers had 4 pockets on the outside of the tunic - two on the chest with pleats and two on the hips with pleats. The Enlisted men had only two internal pockets on the hips. There was also a difference in the quality of cloth used for the tunics, as officers tunics were made of a higher quality wool.

The m/22 Tunics were worn pretty much until the introduction of the m/36 Uniform - and even longer as a training uniform during the war for new conscripts. Even the introduction of the m/27 Uniform did not fully replace the m/22 Tunic in use in all units. Before the beginning of the Continuation War an order was given which outlined steps to change m/22 Tunics into m/36 Tunics This order seems to have been mostly aimed at officers still retaining and using their m/22 Tunics, but evidence suggests that at least some m/22 Tunics were converted for the enlisted men as well.

Last updated: May 4th, 2018


Officers Tunics

Size tables

As Officers tunics were tailor made at approved tailors shops, there are no real size tables out there for officers tunics. They largely follow the guidelines issued to these tailors. The only exception being the Cadet's uniforms, which were supplied by the military. The table below is for their tunics.

This is a 1934 dated sizetable for the Cadets Service Tunic.


Height of the soldier 185 185 180 180 180 175 180 175 170 175 175 175 175 170 170 170 170 165 165 160
Size number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Back length down to the waist 48 46 45 45 45 44 44 44 43 43 43 43 43 42 42 42 42 40 40 40
Full back length 82 78 76 77 76 74 76 73 72 73 73 73 73 72 72 72 72 68 67 66
Waist width 1) 44 42 42 42 42 41 41 41 40 40 40 40 40 39 40 39 39 37 38 37
Chest circumference 106 104 104 100 98 102 100 98 106 102 98 96 94 104 100 98 96 100 96 94
Waist circumference 96 94 94 90 88 92 90 88 96 92 88 86 84 94 90 88 86 90 86 84
Collar size 46 45 45 44 43 44 44 43 46 44 43 42 41 45 44 43 42 44 42 41
Sleeve length 72 70 68 70 70 68 68 66 68 66 66 66 66 64 64 64 64 62 62 62

1) Distance from waist seam to waist seam over the front part of the tunic.


Infantry, Bicycle troops, Signals troops, Engineers, Supply troops


Description in the Regulations

Valtakunnan puolustusvoimien virkapukuohjesääntö (V.P.O.), 1930

Colour and material: Soft steel grey wool.

Cut: Tight fitting, with single row of buttons in the front, has curved back with epaulettes on shoulders. The 6 front buttons are arranged so that the lowest button is just below the waist and the belt. The middle back seam has a short vent. The side back seams have belt hooks with coat-of-arms on them on the waist below which the seam continues down as a double pleat.

Length: Down to the crotch.

Collar: Dark grey turn-down collar with a stiffener. Collar height adjusted according to the wearer, however they should be no less than 5 cm high.

Cuffs: Dark grey, straight and about 9 cm tall. On the outer edge of the cuff two buttons are sewn about 8 cm apart and about 5 cm away from the opening of the cuff.

The edge and seam of the cuff on generals tunic is edged with 4 cm wide, grey oak leaf silk braid.

Pockets: Spacious pockets sewn on top of the the jacket with pleats in the chest and waist. The opening of the waist pockets is 16 cm to 18 cm wide and the opening of the chest pockets is 11 cm to 12 cm wide. The pocket flaps have rounded corners which end up in a point in the middle. Above the point there is one large coat-of-arms button.

Author's Collection

Ministry of Defence, General Staff, Guard


Description in the Regulations

Valtakunnan puolustusvoimien virkapukuohjesääntö (V.P.O.), 1930

Colour and material: Soft steel grey wool.

Cut: Tight fitting, with single row of buttons in the front, has curved back with epaulettes on shoulders. The 6 front buttons are arranged so that the lowest button is just below the waist and the belt. The middle back seam has a short vent. The side back seams have belt hooks with coat-of-arms on them on the waist below which the seam continues down as a double pleat.

Length: Down to the crotch.

Collar: Dark grey turn-down collar with a stiffener. Collar height adjusted according to the wearer, however they should be no less than 5 cm high.

Cuffs: Dark grey, straight and about 9 cm tall. In the middle there is a 12 cm high, steel grey three pointed "Branderburgian" cuff with three buttons. The Branderburgian cuff has 1 cm wide grey silk braid on three sides.

The edge and seam of the cuff on generals tunic is edged with 4 cm wide, grey oak leaf silk braid. The Brandergurgian cuff is edged with 1 cm wide grey silk braid on three sides.

Pockets: Spacious pockets sewn on top of the the jacket with pleats in the chest and waist. The opening of the waist pockets is 16 cm to 18 cm wide and the opening of the chest pockets is 11 cm to 12 cm wide. The pocket flaps have rounded corners which end up in a point in the middle. Above the point there is one large coat-of-arms button.

Finnish Wartime Photograph Archive photos

Author's Collection

Artillery, Armoured troops


Description in the Regulations

Valtakunnan puolustusvoimien virkapukuohjesääntö (V.P.O.), 1930

Colour and material: Soft steel grey wool.

Cut: Tight fitting, with single row of buttons in the front, has curved back with epaulettes on shoulders. The 6 front buttons are arranged so that the lowest button is just below the waist and the belt. The middle back seam has a short vent. In the artillery the vent reaches up to the waist. The side back seams have belt hooks with coat-of-arms on them on the waist below which the seam continues down as a double pleat.

Length: 5 cm above the crotch.

Collar: Dark grey turn-down collar with a stiffener. Collar height adjusted according to the wearer, however they should be no less than 5 cm high.

Cuffs: Dark grey cuffs which curve in to a point on the middle of the outer edge. The point is about 12 cm tall. Below the point about 9 cm from the opening of the cuff is a single large coat-of-arms-button.

The edge and seam of the cuff on generals tunic is edged with 4 cm wide, grey oak leaf silk braid.

Pockets: Spacious pockets sewn on top of the the jacket with pleats in the chest and waist. The opening of the waist pockets is 16 cm to 18 cm wide and the opening of the chest pockets is 11 cm to 12 cm wide. The pocket flaps have rounded corners which end up in a point in the middle. Above the point there is one large coat-of-arms button.

Coastal Artillery


Description in the Regulations

Valtakunnan puolustusvoimien virkapukuohjesääntö (V.P.O.), 1930

Colour and material: Soft steel grey wool.

Cut: Tight fitting, with single row of buttons in the front, has curved back with epaulettes on shoulders. The 6 front buttons are arranged so that the lowest button is just below the waist and the belt. The middle back seam has a short vent. The side back seams have belt hooks with coat-of-arms on them on the waist below which the seam continues down as a double pleat.

Length: Down to the crotch.

Collar: Dark blue turn-down collar with a stiffener. Collar height adjusted according to the wearer, however they should be no less than 5 cm high.

Cuffs: Dark blue, straight and about 9 cm tall. One cm away from the seam of the cuff there are 3 small anchor buttons sewn on top of each other in a row.

The edge and seam of the cuff on generals tunic is edged with 4 cm wide, grey oak leaf silk braid.

Pockets: Spacious pockets sewn on top of the the jacket with pleats in the chest and waist. The opening of the waist pockets is 16 cm to 18 cm wide and the opening of the chest pockets is 11 cm to 12 cm wide. The pocket flaps have rounded corners which end up in a point in the middle. Above the point there is one large coat-of-arms button.

Buttons: All buttons are golden and have the Navy anchor on them.

Cavalry, Dragoons


Description in the Regulations

Valtakunnan puolustusvoimien virkapukuohjesääntö (V.P.O.), 1930

Colour and material: Soft steel grey wool.

Collar: Dark grey turn-down collar with a stiffener. Collar height adjusted according to the wearer, however they should be no less than 5 cm high.

Cut: Tight fitting, with single row of buttons in the front, has curved back with epaulettes on shoulders. The 8 front buttons are arranged so that the lowest button is just below the waist and the belt. The middle back seam has a vent up to the waist. The side back seams have belt hooks with coat-of-arms on them on the waist below which the seam continues down as a double pleat.

Length: 5 cm shorter than the infantry tunic.

Cuffs: Dark grey cuffs attached diagonally so that they are about 12 cm high on the seam and 9 cm high on their lowest point. On the outer side of the cuff, near the seam there are two 1 cm wide and 7 cm long grey silk braids that are folded to a point. Over the point there is a large coat-of-arms buttons. Another pair of similar silk braids and buttons are about 7½ cm away from the other one, similarly arranged.

The edge and seam of the cuff on generals tunic is edged with 4 cm wide, grey oak leaf silk braid.

Pockets: The pockets are sewn on top of the jacket and are plain without pleats. The flaps have three sharp points on them. Above the points there are three small coat-of-arms buttons. There are no chest pockets.

Edges: The front edge of the tunic from collar to the hem, the hem edge, back vent and the pleats under the belt hooks, the back seams from sleeve to the hem and the edges of pocket flaps have a 1 cm wide grey braid on them. The chest is decorated with similar braids as the cuffs, but without the buttons on the ends. The decorations are sewn where the chest buttons are and gradually get longer towards the top of the tunic.


Author's Collection

Service Tunic, Cadets


Description in the Regulations

Valtakunnan puolustusvoimien virkapukuohjesääntö (V.P.O.), 1930

Colour and material: Soft steel grey wool.

Cut: Tight fitting, with single row of buttons in the front, has curved back with epaulettes on shoulders. The 6 front buttons are arranged so that the lowest button is just below the waist and the belt. The middle back seam has a short vent. The side back seams have belt hooks with coat-of-arms on them on the waist below which the seam continues down as a double pleat.

Length: Down to the crotch.

Collar: Dark grey turn-down collar with a stiffener. Collar height adjusted according to the wearer, however they should be no less than 5 cm high. Collar edge bordered with 1 cm wide dark blue tape.

Cuffs: Dark grey, straight and about 9 cm tall. Outer edge bordered with 1 cm wide dark blue tape. On the outer edge of the cuff two buttons are sewn about 8 cm apart and about 5 cm away from the opening of the cuff.

The edge and seam of the cuff on generals tunic is edged with 4 cm wide, grey oak leaf silk braid.

Pockets: Spacious pockets sewn on top of the the jacket with pleats in the chest and waist. The opening of the waist pockets is 16 cm to 18 cm wide and the opening of the chest pockets is 11 cm to 12 cm wide. The pocket flaps have rounded corners which end up in a point in the middle. Above the point there is one large coat-of-arms button.

Dress Tunic, Cadets


Description in the Regulations

Valtakunnan puolustusvoimien virkapukuohjesääntö (V.P.O.), 1930

Colour and material: Dark blue baize or similar cloth.

Cut: Tight-fitting, seam across the waist. Two vertical flaps on the back with three points, each with a large coat-of-arms button. No chest or waist pockets. Standing collar of the same colour as the tunic. 8 large coat-of-arms buttons in the front, lowest being just below the waist and belt.

Length: Down to the crotch.

Cuffs: Dark blue, straight and 9 cm tall. On the outer edge of the cuff two buttons are sewn about 8 cm apart and about 5 cm away from the opening of the cuff.

Buttons: All buttons are silver colour coat-of-arms buttons.

Edges: Silver 2 cm wide braids on the outer edge of the collar and cuffs. Small, white trim on the front edge of the tunic and on the back flaps.

Author's Collection

Enlisted men and NCO's Tunics

Size tables

This is a 1935 dated size table for all enlisted men in all branches, except in the Coastal Artillery, which has a separate table below this one. The numbers are in centimeters.


Size number No. 0 No. 1 No. 2 No. 3 No. 4
Back length down to the waist 47 46 44 43 41
Full back length 78 76 73 70 68
Shoulder length from the collar 23 22 21 20 19
Sleeve length from the collar 88 86 84 81 78
Chest circumference 112 108 105 102 99
Waist circumference 100 98 95 92 89
Collar size 46 45 44 43 42
Cuff width 33 32 32 30 30

This is a 1930 dated sizetable, which has been reconfirmed to be correct in 1935. It is for the Coastal Artillery m/22 Tunics. The numbers are centimeters.


Height of the soldier 185 185 180 180 180 175 180 175 170 175 175 175 175 170 170 170 170 165 165 160
Size number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Back length down to the waist 48 46 45 45 45 44 44 44 43 43 43 43 43 42 42 42 42 40 40 40
Full back length 82 78 76 77 76 74 76 73 72 73 73 73 73 72 72 72 72 68 67 66
Waist width 1) 44 42 42 42 42 41 41 41 40 40 40 40 40 39 40 39 39 37 38 37
Chest circumference 106 104 104 100 98 102 100 98 106 102 98 96 94 104 100 98 96 100 96 94
Waist circumference 96 94 94 90 88 92 90 88 96 92 88 86 84 94 90 88 86 90 86 84
Collar size 46 45 45 44 43 44 44 43 46 44 43 42 41 45 44 43 42 44 42 41
Sleeve length 72 70 68 70 70 68 68 66 68 66 66 66 66 64 64 64 64 62 62 62

1) Distance from waist seam to waist seam over the front part of the tunic.


Infantry, Bicycle troops, Signals troops, Engineers, Supply troops


Description in the Regulations

Valtakunnan puolustusvoimien virkapukuohjesääntö (V.P.O.), 1930

Colour and material: Steel grey wool.

Cut: Single row of 6 buttons so worn that the lowest button is slightly below the waist and the belt, somewhat tight-fitting. Has shoulder straps, curved back and lacks a center back seam. A vent goes from the center bottom 15 cm up, the back side seams have belt hooks that have the coat-of-arms lion, the side seams have plain steel wire belt hooks.

Length: Down to the crotch.

Collar: Dark grey turn-down collar with. Collar height is 5 cm.

Cuffs: Dark grey, straight and about 9 cm tall. On the outer edge of the cuff two large coat-of-arms buttons are sewn about 8 cm apart and about 5 cm away from the opening of the cuff.

Pockets: Horizontal interior pockets. The pocket flaps are straight with rounded corners and a point in the middle. The point has a button hole and a large coat-of-arms button to close it.

Finnish Wartime Photograph Archive photos

Author's Collection

Ministry of Defence, General Staff, Guard


Description in the Regulations

Valtakunnan puolustusvoimien virkapukuohjesääntö (V.P.O.), 1930

Colour and material: Steel grey wool.

Cut: Single row of 6 buttons so worn that the lowest button is slightly below the waist and the belt, somewhat tight-fitting. Has shoulder straps, curved back and lacks a center back seam. A vent goes from the center bottom 15 cm up, the back side seams have belt hooks that have the coat-of-arms lion, the side seams have plain steel wire belt hooks.

Length: Down to the crotch.

Collar: Dark grey turn-down collar with. Collar height is 5 cm.

Cuffs: Dark grey, straight and about 9 cm tall. In the middle there is a 12 cm high, steel grey three pointed "Branderburgian" cuff with three buttons.

Pockets: Horizontal interior pockets. The pocket flaps are straight with rounded corners and a point in the middle. The point has a button hole and a large coat-of-arms button to close it.

Author's Collection

Artillery, Armoured troops


Description in the Regulations

Valtakunnan puolustusvoimien virkapukuohjesääntö (V.P.O.), 1930

Colour and material: Steel grey wool.

Cut: Single row of 6 buttons so worn that the lowest button is slightly below the waist and the belt, somewhat tight-fitting. Has shoulder straps, curved back and lacks a center back seam. A vent goes from the center bottom up to the waist, the back side seams have belt hooks that have the coat-of-arms lion, the side seams have plain steel wire belt hooks.

Length: 5 cm above the crotch.

Collar: Dark grey turn-down collar with. Collar height is 5 cm.

Cuffs: Dark grey, with a point that is 12 cm of the cuff on the outside. Below that point at a 9 cm distance from the cuff is a large coat-of-arms button.

Pockets: Horizontal interior pockets. The pocket flaps are straight with rounded corners and a point in the middle. The point has a button hole and a large coat-of-arms button to close it.

Author's Collection

Coastal Artillery


Description in the Regulations

Valtakunnan puolustusvoimien virkapukuohjesääntö (V.P.O.), 1930

Colour and material: Steel grey wool. Buttons are golden Navy anchor buttons.

Cut: Single row of 6 buttons so worn that the lowest button is slightly below the waist and the belt, somewhat tight-fitting. Has shoulder straps, curved back and lacks a center back seam. A vent goes from the center bottom 15 cm up, the back side seams have belt hooks that have the coat-of-arms lion, the side seams have plain steel wire belt hooks.

Length: Down to the crotch.

Collar: Dark blue turn-down collar with. Collar height is 5 cm.

Cuffs: Dark blue, straight and about 9 cm tall. On the outer edge of the cuff three small coat-of-arms buttons are sewn along the outer seam about 1 cm away from it.

Pockets: Horizontal interior pockets. The pocket flaps are straight with rounded corners and a point in the middle. The point has a button hole and a large coat-of-arms button to close it.

Author's Collection

Cavalry, Dragoons


Description in the Regulations

Valtakunnan puolustusvoimien virkapukuohjesääntö (V.P.O.), 1930

Colour and material: Steel grey wool.

Cut: Single row of 8 buttons so worn that the lowest button is slightly below the waist and the belt, somewhat tight-fitting. Has shoulder straps, curved back and lacks a center back seam. A vent goes from the center bottom up to the waist, the back side seams have belt hooks that have the coat-of-arms lion, the side seams have plain steel wire belt hooks.

Length: 5 cm above the crotch.

Collar: Dark grey turn-down collar with. Collar height is 5 cm.

Cuffs: Dark grey cuffs attached diagonally so that they are about 12 cm high on the seam and 9 cm high on their lowest point. On the outer side of the cuff, near the seam there are two 1 cm wide and 7 cm long grey silk braids that are folded to a point. Over the point there is a large coat-of-arms buttons. Another pair of similar silk braids and buttons are about 7½ cm away from the other one, similarly arranged.

Pockets: Horizontal interior pockets. The pocket flaps are straight with rounded corners and a point in the middle. The point has a button hole and a large coat-of-arms button to close it.

Edges: The front edge of the tunic from collar to the hem, the hem edge, back vent and the pleats under the belt hooks, the back seams from sleeve to the hem have a 1 cm wide grey braid on them. The chest is decorated with similar braids as the cuffs, but without the buttons on the ends. The decorations are sewn where the chest buttons are and gradually get longer towards the top of the tunic.

Finnish Wartime Photograph Archive photos

Author's Collection



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