m/36 Summer Blouse (Kes├Ąpusero m/36)

The m/36 Summer Blouse was direct continuation of the older m/32 Summer Blouse and m/32 Summer Blouse, older with minor changes. The colour was changed to similar steel grey colour as the m/36 Tunic and the cuffs were made in the same style as in the tunic. The Blouse also adopted the new m/36 rank system used in the tunic in favour of the older m/27 rank system. The epaulettes on the summer blouses had branch colour trims similarly to the m/36 Tunic.

In the beginning of 1941 the cuff was changed again and the cuff vent was dropped in favour of a regular, straight sleeve and cuff. Similarly, the branch colour trim was removed from the epaulettes. At the same time the rank system was simplified and ranks could be attached directly to the collar instead of the collar tabs. Men were also allowed to have the top-most button open on the field. The forces in the Karelian Isthmus were required to have a button sewn on their chest where the collar was then buttoned open, as seen on this photo.

There are no major differences between officer and enlisted men blouses. Officer's blouses often have coat-of-arms buttons when they are visible, where as enlisted men could have plain steel or aluminium buttons as well. Officers were only allowed to use summer blouses on the field, however exceptions can be found.

Timeline


The m/36 Summer Blouse was the dominant Summer uniform piece used from its introduction until well in to the 60's or so - they've occasionally seen OPFOR use in the early 2000's as well. The diagram divides the two types used in to m/36 and m/36-41. Of these the latter is not an official designation for the blouse, but simply a collector distinction between the two. Officially they are both m/36 Summer Blouse.

Last updated: October 17th, 2017


Description

Colour and material: Cotton weave of steel grey colour.

Cut: Loose, shirt like jacket. 6 hidden buttons in the front. Two chest pockets with bleats with coat-of-arms buttons for Officers and plain steel buttons for other ranks. Back side has a 4cm wide, sewn belt that ends on the side seams. The side seams have two fabric belt loops that are closed with a small coat-of-arms buttons. Sleeves are loose and full length. The Cuffs have a roughly 12 cm long vent and two plain steel buttons that can be used to tighten it. There are three steel grommets in the armpits for ventilation.

Length: 5 cm from the crotch.

Collar: Stand-and-fall collar, 7 cm high in the front, 4 cm high in the back. A tab over the neck that is used to close the collar. Tab is closed with a flat metal button.

Epaulettes: Standard early m/36 epaulettes, around 5 cm wide on the shoulder seam, rounded point and attached with a small coat-of-arms button that is tied inside the blouse with a cotton string.

Materials

This is a translation of 1936 dated technical material report.


Summer Blouse fabric m/36
Technical report

1) Warp thread: No 2/28 English +- 6 %
2) Weft thread: No 9 English +- 9%
3) Warp density: 72 - 70 / 1"
4) Weft density: 56 - 54 / 1"
5) Weave: Warp-faced broken twill
6) Width: 76 / 78 cm
7) Bolt length: 35 meters
8) Weight: 230 - 240 g / linear meter = 300 g / m² = minimum weight
9) Tensile strength: Warp: 120 - 115 kg
Weft: 130 - 125 kg
10) Colour: Warp thread, twisted black/white
Weft thread black
11) Finish: Calendered. Weight loss when washing 3% at the most.
12) Shrinking: Warp 4% at the most, weft 2% at the most.



Size Table

This is a sizetable of wartime sizes. All sizes are in centimeters. Chest sizes are 8 to 10 cm larger than mentioned on the table. Other sizes are as mentioned in the table.

Soldiers Height 158-165 165-173 160-167 167-175 164-173 173-180 166-176 176-185 168-178 178-187 172-180 180-190
Size 46 48 50 52 54 56
A B A B A B A B A B A B
Halfback height 41 44 42 45 43 46 44 47 45 48 46 49
Fullback height 64 68 65 69 67 71 68 72 70 73 71 75
Chest size 92 92 96 96 100 100 104 104 108 108 112 112
Waist size 82 82 86 86 90 90 94 94 98 98 102 102
Sleeve length 63 66 64 67 65 68 66 69 67 70 68 71
Collar size 40 40 41 41 42 42 43 43 44 44 45 45


Markings

Markings on the m/36 Summer Blouse vary somewhat in their content but follow the general rule: They have the "Int" stamp of the Army Intendants Department, length and width stamps. These are sometimes supplemented by the manufacturers stamps, the "SA" cartouche and "M" or other similar stamp to show that the blouse has been sold and removed from the army books. Variations of these markings can be seen and it is common for only some of them to be present.


Incomplete list of manufacturers below:

  • AP = Armeijan Pukimo (renamed Valtion Pukutehdas in 1939)
  • VPu = Valtion Pukutehdas
  • Pallopaita Oy
  • V.L = ?

Uniforms from collections

m/36-41 Summer Blouse, 1942

Photos from Dragoon Militaria.

m/36 Summer Blouse, 1939

Photos from Dragoon Militaria.

m/36 Summer Blouse, 194?

Photos from Dragoon Militaria.

Finnish Wartime Photograph Archive photos

Author's Collection



© 2021 | Design: Panu Korhonen | Content: Petri Peltola & Panu Korhonen